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Help Save the Montane Cordillera!

Wildlife and Vegetation

Landforms, Climate, and Location
Wildlife and Vegetation
Human Activities and Environmental Issues
Save our Ecozone!
       The Montane Cordillera is the most diverse of the 15 ecozones and contains many different species of both plants, and animals.


     This is a photo taken of a Red Squirrel. Prevent this poor squirrel from losing its home.

     There are many animals who have chosen the Montane Cordillera as their habitat. In the alpine regions dwells the Mountain goat, Rosy Finch, Water Pipit, Mule Deer, Rocky Mountain Elk, and Stone Sheep. Many animals are not able to adapt to the chilly climate of the ecozone, therefore lowering the biodiversity in this particular area. The Grizzly Bear and  the Black Bear are more common is thriving meadow habitats than in the alpine region, but are sometimes seen there as well.
The Upper elevation areas have moose, caribou, Mule Deer, Mountain Goats, Grizzly Bears, and Black Bears, which are most common big mammals in this area.  
The coniferous forests are significant for animals with fur such as the Red Squirrel, wolves and martens, as well as birds that feed on seeds of the trees, insects who feed on tree bark, and small mammals. Some of these birds are the Pleated Woodpecker, Red Cross Bill, and Northern Flicker.

The Ponderosa Pine Parklands is home to animals like the Mule Deer, White- tailed deer, Yellow-pine Chipmunk, White- Headed Woodpecker, and the Northern Chipmunk, while the Burrowing Owl, Short- Horned lizard, Pallid bat, and Snowy Owl (in winter) are found in the treeless bunchgrass.


     The picture of the left is taken within the Montane Cordillera and is of a Grizzly Bear and its cubs, which are almost considered endangered species, while the picture underneath displays a Northern Flicker. If the Montane Cordillera is wiped out, many of these animals will lose their homes and may become extinct.



     Below are three photographs of trees inside the Montane Cordillera. On the very left is a picture of Engelmann spruces, in the center a picture of a Douglas Fir is displayed, and on the right there is a landscape of trees with shrubs around it. Help save these trees by saving the ecozone!


     There are many different types of vegetations in the Montane Cordillera due to the different elevations. There are mostly coniferous trees like the Ponderosa Pine, Douglas Fir, and Engelmann Spruce. This ecozone also contains many different types of soils. Alpine locations contain shrubs, like moss, and herbs. Subalpine areas have Alpine Firs, and Engelmann Spruces. The slopes of the mountains and the gently sloping plains divide into three main forest zones as the elevation gets lower. At higher up elevations, there is a marginal band which contains Lodgepole Pines, Engelmann Spruces, and Alpine Firs. The second zone in the southwest has inner Douglas Firs, Trembling Aspens, Ponderosa Pines, and Lodgepole Pines. The remaining zone in the southeast has western White Pines, western Hemlocks, western Red Cedars, inner Douglas Firs. The Engelmann Spruce Subalpine fir belts at high elevations of 1200- 2300 contains Engelmann Spruces, Whitebark Pines, and Alpine Larks. The most common tree at decreased elevations in arid areas is the Ponderosa Pine. In more humid areas, there are Douglas Firs, and Water and Paper Birches.  In the inner southwestern area, there is not enough water to sustain tree growth, so it is covered with big sagebrush, rabbit-brush, antelope- brush.    Grassland areas contain grasses, and various types of shrubs.